Born Entrepreneur? Adolescents' Personality Characteristics and Self-Employment in Adulthood

22 Pages Posted: 21 Mar 2016

See all articles by Jutta Viinikainen

Jutta Viinikainen

University of Jyväskylä

Guido Heineck

University of Bamberg; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Petri Bockerman

Labour Institute for Economic Research; University of Turku - Turku School of Economics

Mirka Hintsanen

University of Helsinki

Olli Raitakari

University of Turku

Abstract

Is there an entrepreneurial personality and does it appear early in life? We provide a new answer on this question by using the so-called Type A behavior traits (Aggression, Leadership, Responsibility, and Eagerness-Energy), measured in childhood and adolescence, and examining their relationship to self-employment propensity in adulthood. Using data from the Young Finns Study linked to the Finnish Longitudinal Employer-Employee Data and the Longitudinal Population Census of Statistics, our results show that the early-life Leadership-dimension is significantly associated with a higher likelihood 1) of becoming self-employed later in life and 2) of being more successful as an entrepreneur, as approximated by sales. Our results also reinforce the prior evidence on the intergenerational transmission of entrepreneurship.

Keywords: Type A behavior, personality, self-employment, entrepreneurship, intergenerational transmission of entrepreneurship

JEL Classification: L26

Suggested Citation

Viinikainen, Jutta and Heineck, Guido and Bockerman, Petri and Hintsanen, Mirka and Raitakari, Olli, Born Entrepreneur? Adolescents' Personality Characteristics and Self-Employment in Adulthood. IZA Discussion Paper No. 9805. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2750288

Jutta Viinikainen (Contact Author)

University of Jyväskylä ( email )

Seminaarinkatu 30
Jyväskylä, 40100
Finland

Guido Heineck

University of Bamberg

Feldkirchenstr. 21
Bamberg, 96052
Germany

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Petri Bockerman

Labour Institute for Economic Research ( email )

FIN-00530 Helsinki
Finland
+358 9 2535 7332 (Phone)
+358 9 2535 7332 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.petribockerman.fi/

University of Turku - Turku School of Economics ( email )

Rehtorinpellonkatu 3
TURKU, FI-20500
Finland

Mirka Hintsanen

University of Helsinki ( email )

University of Helsinki
Helsinki, FIN-00014
Finland

Olli Raitakari

University of Turku

Turku, 20014
Finland

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
108
Abstract Views
376
rank
248,221
PlumX Metrics