Territorial Jurisdiction of the U.S. Does Not Exist on the Outer Continental Shelf or in Superjacent Waters
13 Pages Posted: 23 Mar 2016 Last revised: 27 Apr 2016
Date Written: March 21, 2016
This essay addresses the question regarding whether U.S. territorial jurisdiction exists over an outer continental shelf of the United States or in superjacent waters. In particular, this essay revisits 18 U.S.C. § 7(3) to consider whether the special territorial jurisdiction addressed therein can reach alleged criminal conduct on the continental shelf or in superjacent waters beyond a U.S. territorial sea. The essay also addresses whether other federal legislation concerning the outer continental shelf can provide federal criminal jurisdiction regarding conduct occurring on the outer continental shelf or in superjacent waters.
Keywords: Charming Betsy, continental shelf, criminal, Cook rule, Erdos, extraterritorial, Gatlin, high seas, international law, jurisdiction, law of the sea, natural resources, OCSLA, outer continental, resources, sea, seabed, shelf, special territorial, UNCLOS
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