Who and Where are the Flexible Workers? Exploring the Current Diffusion of Telework in Sweden

20 Pages Posted: 23 Mar 2016

See all articles by Bertil Vilhelmson

Bertil Vilhelmson

Göteborg University - School of Business, Economics and Law

Eva Thulin

Göteborg University - School of Business, Economics and Law

Date Written: March 2016

Abstract

This study investigates the increased adoption of telework in Sweden between 2005 and 2012. It uses microlevel data from national surveys in order to ask where telework is being adopted and by whom. Results indicate that telework has become routine for over 20 per cent of all gainfully employed. Expansion is explained by a working life in transition: besides enabling information and communication technologies, factors associate with managers’ trust and control; the character of jobs, work tasks and contracts in knowledge‐based industries; and with individual and household work–life balance issues. Telework is connected to permanent employment in the advanced services sector, slowly diffusing into other sectors. It is increasingly performed in the home and is becoming more frequent. Individuals with families and children are overrepresented and among the fastest growing groups. Broadband access at home is an enabler. Larger urban regions strengthen their position in favour of teleworking.

Keywords: telework, home‐based work, adoption, constraints, Sweden, information and communication technologies.

Suggested Citation

Vilhelmson, Bertil and Thulin, Eva, Who and Where are the Flexible Workers? Exploring the Current Diffusion of Telework in Sweden (March 2016). New Technology, Work and Employment, Vol. 31, Issue 1, pp. 77-96, 2016. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2753324 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ntwe.12060

Bertil Vilhelmson (Contact Author)

Göteborg University - School of Business, Economics and Law ( email )

Vasagatan 1
Goteborg, 40530
Sweden

Eva Thulin

Göteborg University - School of Business, Economics and Law ( email )

Vasagatan 1
Goteborg, 40530
Sweden

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