Cyclical Properties of Supply-Side and Demand-Side Shocks in Oil-Based Commodity Markets
22 Pages Posted: 23 Mar 2016 Last revised: 15 Oct 2017
Date Written: January 31, 2017
Oil markets profoundly influence world economies through determination of prices of energy and transports. Using novel methodology devised in frequency domain, we study the information transmission mechanisms in oil-based commodity markets. Taking crude oil as a supply-side benchmark and heating oil and gasoline as demand-side benchmarks, we document new stylized facts about cyclical properties of the transmission mechanism generated by volatility shocks with heterogeneous frequency responses. Our first key finding is that shocks to volatility with response shorter than one week are increasingly important to the transmission mechanism over the studied period. Second, demand-side shocks to volatility are becoming increasingly important in creating short-run connectedness. Third, the supply-side shocks to volatility resonating in both the long run and short run are important sources of connectedness.
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