Purchasing Power Parity: Doctrinal Perspective and Evidence from the 1920s
23 Pages Posted: 28 Jun 2004
Date Written: April 1979
The first part of the paper traces the doctrinal origins of the purchasing power parity (PPP) doctrine and reviews the central issues of controversy. The second part is an empirical study covering the flexible exchange rates period of the 1920s. The empirical work examines the efficiency of foreign exchange markets, the absolute and the relative versions of PPP for alternative price indices, the homogeneity postulate, the relation between the short run and the long run, and the patterns of 'causality' between prices and exchange rates. The paper concludes with estimations of price equations and a discussion of the proper specification of PPP.
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