Interactions between Family and School Environments: Evidence on Dynamic Complementarities?

52 Pages Posted: 28 Mar 2016

See all articles by Ofer Malamud

Ofer Malamud

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Cristian Pop-Eleches

Columbia University - School of International & Public Affairs (SIPA)

Miguel S. Urquiola

Columbia University

Date Written: March 2016

Abstract

This paper explores whether conditions during early childhood affect the productivity of later human capital investments. We use Romanian administrative data to ask if the benefit of access to better schools is larger for children who experienced better family environments because their parents had access to abortion. We combine regression discontinuity and differences-in-differences designs to estimate impacts on a high-stakes school-leaving exam. Although we find that access to abortion and access to better schools each have positive impacts, we do not find evidence of significant interactions between these shocks. While these results suggest the absence of dynamic complementarities in human capital formation, survey data suggest that they may also reflect behavioral responses by students and parents.

Suggested Citation

Malamud, Ofer and Pop-Eleches, Cristian (Kiki) and Urquiola, Miguel S., Interactions between Family and School Environments: Evidence on Dynamic Complementarities? (March 2016). NBER Working Paper No. w22112, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2755384

Ofer Malamud (Contact Author)

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy ( email )

1155 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Cristian (Kiki) Pop-Eleches

Columbia University - School of International & Public Affairs (SIPA) ( email )

420 West 118th Street
New York, NY 10027
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.columbia.edu/~cp2124

Miguel S. Urquiola

Columbia University ( email )

420 W. 118th Street
New York, NY 10027
United States

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