基于主体的灌溉集体自组织形成机制研究 (A Study on the Formation of Collective Self-organisation in Irrigation Management)

17 Pages Posted: 6 Apr 2016 Last revised: 11 Jun 2017

See all articles by Jingjing Cai

Jingjing Cai

Independent

Hang Xiong

Huazhong Agricultural University; ETH Zurich; King's College London; University College Dublin

Date Written: January 8, 2016

Abstract

Chinese Abstract: 本研究采用计算机仿真技术,考察在公共灌溉资源管理中影响个体之间达成集体自治理协议的因素。达成集体自治理机制需要大多数灌溉资源的占有者(本研究中设定为80%)愿意参与旨在实现灌溉资源永续利用的合作。占用者参与合作的意愿除了取决于自身的经济、社会特征外,还取决于其已经参与合作的邻居的数量。参与合作的邻居越多,该占用者参与的意愿越高。为了考察不同社会社会关系网络结构的影响,占有者所处的社会网络被分别模拟为随机网络、小世界网络和无标度网络。我们获得以下结论:1、在小世界网络中,达成集体自治理协议所需的时间最短,无标度网络其次,随机网络再次。2、政府的激励政策(即对占有者参与合作所需缴纳的费用给予补助),有利于提高最终自愿参与合作的人数,但是没有明显提高达成协议的速度。3、在一个社会群体中,初始参与合作者的数量不是决定集体自治理协议能否达成的关键因素,但是他们所处的社会网络地位(如度、中心性)对集体自治理协议达成的速度甚至是否能否达成具有显著影响。

English Abstract: This paper studies the factors that affect the formation of collective self-organisation in the management of irrigation resource. Collective self-organisation is formed when the majority of the population (80% of the owners of the resource, in our case) participates the cooperation that aims at sustainable use of the irrigation resource. Whether an owner participates the cooperation depends on not only on his social economic characteristics, but also the proportion of his neighbours that have participated the cooperation. To investigate the influence of social structure, the social network in which owners interact is modelled as random network, small-world network and scale-free network separately. Out conclusions are threefold. (1) Collective self-organisation is achieved most quickly in small-world networks, and most slowly in random network. (2) Government’s stimulant policy (i.e., subsiding the coordination cost that all participants need to pay) helps increase the number of participants, but improve the speed of forming collective self-organisation limitedly. (3) In a social group, the number of initial participants does not influence whether collective self-organisation can be formed; whereas the network status (i.e., degree and centrality) of initial participants significantly affect the speed of forming collective self-organisation.

Keywords: Cooperation in Irrigation, Social Capital, Social Networks, Agent-based Modelling

Suggested Citation

Cai, Jingjing and Xiong, Hang, 基于主体的灌溉集体自组织形成机制研究 (A Study on the Formation of Collective Self-organisation in Irrigation Management) (January 8, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2755539 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2755539

Jingjing Cai

Independent ( email )

Hang Xiong (Contact Author)

Huazhong Agricultural University

Wuhan, Hubei
Wuhan, Hubei 430070
China

HOME PAGE: http://www.hzau.edu.cn

ETH Zurich ( email )

Sonneggstrasse 33
Zurich, 8092
Switzerland

HOME PAGE: http://hangxiong.net

King's College London ( email )

Strand
London, England WC2R 2LS
United Kingdom

University College Dublin ( email )

Geary Institute for Public Policy
UCD, Belfield
Dublin, D04
Ireland
+35317164653 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://hangxiong.net

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