Institutional Path Dependence and International Research Intensity

Posted: 29 Mar 2016 Last revised: 19 Apr 2016

See all articles by Rajeev K. Goel

Rajeev K. Goel

Illinois State University - Department of Economics

James W. Saunoris

Eastern Michigan University

Date Written: 2016

Abstract

Whereas there is informal and formal recognition and understanding of research inertia in driving the intensity of research, there is little formal evidence on the role of historical and political legacy or institutional path dependence in affecting research intensity. This paper uses data on about 100 nations to address this aspect, focusing on the long, medium and short-term research intensity. Across two measures of a nation's institutional history, we find that broader national stability positively affects research intensity both in the long and the medium terms, while the narrower path dependence measure supports these findings, albeit with weak statistical significance. The effects on short-term research intensity lack statistical support across both measures. Comparing institutional path dependence with research inertia, we find that both factors significantly affect research intensity. The main findings are robust to various modifications.

Suggested Citation

Goel, Rajeev K. and Saunoris, James W., Institutional Path Dependence and International Research Intensity (2016). Economic Modelling, Vol. 52, pp. 851-858, 2016. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2755684

Rajeev K. Goel (Contact Author)

Illinois State University - Department of Economics ( email )

Normal, IL 61790-4200
United States

James W. Saunoris

Eastern Michigan University ( email )

Eastern Michigan University
Ypsilanti, MI 48197
United States

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