What Determines Learning Among Kinh and Ethnic Minority Students in Vietnam? An Analysis of the Round 2 Young Lives Data

Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies, Volume 2, Issue 3, pages 494-516, September 2015

Crawford School Research Paper

23 Pages Posted: 2 Apr 2016

See all articles by Paul Glewwe

Paul Glewwe

University of Minnesota - College of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences - Department of Applied Economics

Qihui Chen

China Agricultural University - College of Economics and Management

Bhagyashree Katare

Purdue University

Date Written: September 9, 2015

Abstract

An analysis of the Young Lives data collected in 2006, involving a younger cohort (aged 5) and an older cohort (aged 12), yields three important findings regarding the Kinh – ethnic minority gaps in mathematics and reading skills in Vietnam. First, large disparities exist even before children start primary school. Second, language may play an important role: Vietnamese-speaking ethnic minority children scored much higher than their non-Vietnamese-speaking counterparts, even though tests could be taken in any language the child chooses. Third, Blinder-Oaxaca decompositions indicate that higher parental education among Kinh children explains about one third of the gap for both cohorts. For the older cohort, Kinh households' higher income explains 0.2-0.3 standard deviations (SDs) of the gap (1.3-1.5 SDs). More time in school, less time spent working, and better nutritional status each explain about 0.1 SDs of the mathematics score gap; Kinh children's more years of schooling explains about 0.3 SDs of the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test score gap.

Keywords: cognitive skills, ethnic minority, Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition, Vietnam, education

Suggested Citation

Glewwe, Paul and Chen, Qihui and Katare, Bhagyashree, What Determines Learning Among Kinh and Ethnic Minority Students in Vietnam? An Analysis of the Round 2 Young Lives Data (September 9, 2015). Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies, Volume 2, Issue 3, pages 494-516, September 2015, Crawford School Research Paper, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2756827

Paul Glewwe (Contact Author)

University of Minnesota - College of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences - Department of Applied Economics ( email )

1994 Buford Avenue
Room 231
St. Paul, MN 55108-1995
United States

Qihui Chen

China Agricultural University - College of Economics and Management ( email )

Beijing
China

Bhagyashree Katare

Purdue University ( email )

610 Purdue Mall
West Lafayette, IN 47907
United States

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