Intra-State Concentration of Unorganised Manufacturing Industries in India
Productivity, Vol. 58, No. 1, 2017
21 Pages Posted: 2 Apr 2016 Last revised: 21 Feb 2017
Date Written: October 12, 2015
The objective of this paper is to examine the intra-state concentration of unorganised manufacturing enterprises in India. Using district-level data for 16 major states of India for the period 1994-95 to 2005-06, we find clear evidence for spatial concentration of unorganised manufacturing enterprises within states. The findings show that the most “lagging” industrial districts are present not only in backward states but also in developed states. The spatial concentration within state is highest in Maharashtra followed by Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh, whereas relatively low in Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Assam, Kerala, Odisha and West Bengal. Between 1994-95 and 2005-06, while some states witnessed an increase in intra-state concentration, others witnessed a decline. At the same time, there is also evidence for within state β-convergence in all the states, except Himachal Pradesh.
Keywords: District Level Analysis, Intra-State Concentration, Convergence, Unorganised Manufacturing of India
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