City of Cape Town Solar Water Heater Bylaw: Barriers to Implementation

Cartwright, A., Parnell, S. Oelofse, G. & Ward, S. Eds. Climate Change at the City Scale: Impacts, Mitigation and Adaptation in Cape Town. London: Earthscan, 244-262.

26 Pages Posted: 2 Apr 2016

See all articles by Jan Froestad

Jan Froestad

Bergen University College

Clifford Shearing

Griffith Institute of Criminology; University of Cape Town; University of Montreal, School of Criminology; University of New South Wales

Tom Herbstein

University of Cambridge

Sakina Grimwood

University of Cape Town (UCT)

Date Written: April 1, 2012

Abstract

This paper builds on the rich literature on implementation that has developed since the topic started to attract scholarly attention in the early 1970s. The richness of this literature relies on its large repertoire of findings, perspectives and policy ideas. From this resource we extracted four ideas, which have guided this study.

1. We adhere to the ‘relaxed’ definition of implementation suggested by Ferman (1990) as that which happens between policy expectations and policy result. In line with this interpretation we define our study - of how a municipal government declared its expectation that a new city bylaw would be adopted, which never happened - as a case of a failed policy implementation.

2. Policy implementation can be perceived as a ‘negotiated order’ (Bardach, 1977), necessitating a focus on the political processes, through which such orders are established, maintained and changed (O’Toole and Montjoy, 1984).

3. Implementation usually implies the involvement of different organisational units, and requires an exploration of inter-organisational relations and inter-institutional linkages (O’Toole and Montjoy, 1984) as well as a focus on the organisational cultures (Barrett, 2004).

4. Policy implementation may be viewed as problem-solving, necessitating a focus on organisational learning processes. This requires exploring how learning takes place – or is inhibited – within and across organisational units (Schofield, 2001; 2004).

Suggested Citation

Froestad, Jan and Shearing, Clifford D and Herbstein, Tom and Grimwood, Sakina, City of Cape Town Solar Water Heater Bylaw: Barriers to Implementation (April 1, 2012). Cartwright, A., Parnell, S. Oelofse, G. & Ward, S. Eds. Climate Change at the City Scale: Impacts, Mitigation and Adaptation in Cape Town. London: Earthscan, 244-262., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2757680 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2757680

Jan Froestad

Bergen University College ( email )

P.O. Box 7030
N-5020 Bergen
Norway

Clifford D Shearing (Contact Author)

Griffith Institute of Criminology ( email )

170 Kessels Road
Nathan, Queensland QLD 4111
Australia

HOME PAGE: http://https://experts.griffith.edu.au/academic/c.shearing

University of Cape Town ( email )

Private Bag X3
Rondebosch, Western Cape 7701
South Africa

HOME PAGE: http://www.publiclaw.uct.ac.za/pbl/staff/cshearing

University of Montreal, School of Criminology ( email )

C.P. 6128 succursale Centre-ville
Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7
Canada

University of New South Wales ( email )

Sydney
Australia

Tom Herbstein

University of Cambridge ( email )

Trinity Ln
Cambridge, CB2 1TN
United Kingdom

Sakina Grimwood

University of Cape Town (UCT) ( email )

Private Bag X3
Rondebosch, Western Cape 7701
South Africa

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