State and Local Determinants of Employment Outcomes Among Individuals with Disabilities

29 Pages Posted: 3 Apr 2016

See all articles by Purvi Sevak

Purvi Sevak

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Mathematica Policy Research

John O'Neill

Institute of Education

Andrew J. Houtenville

University of New Hampshire - Whittemore School of Business and Economics

Debra Brucker

University of New Hampshire

Date Written: March 1, 2016

Abstract

In the United States, employment rates among individuals with disabilities are persistently low but vary substantially. In this study, we examine the relationship between employment outcomes and features of the state and county physical, economic, and policy environment among a national sample of individuals with disabilities. To do so, we merge a set of state- and county-level environmental variables with data from the 2009-2011 American Community Survey accessed in a U.S. Census Research Data Center. We estimate regression models of employment, work hours, and earnings as a function of health conditions, personal characteristics, and these environmental features. We find that certain environmental variables are significantly associated with employment outcomes. Although the estimated importance of environmental variables is small relative to individual health and personal characteristics, our results suggest that these variables may present barriers or facilitators to employment that can explain some geographic variation in employment outcomes across the United States.

Keywords: Disability; employment; area effects

Suggested Citation

Sevak, Purvi and O'Neill, John and Houtenville, Andrew J. and Brucker, Debra, State and Local Determinants of Employment Outcomes Among Individuals with Disabilities (March 1, 2016). US Census Bureau Center for Economic Studies Paper No. CES-WP-16-21, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2757762 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2757762

Purvi Sevak (Contact Author)

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Mathematica Policy Research ( email )

Ann Arbor, MI 481030
United States

John O'Neill

Institute of Education ( email )

New Zealand

Andrew J. Houtenville

University of New Hampshire - Whittemore School of Business and Economics ( email )

15 College Road
Durham, NH 03824
United States

Debra Brucker

University of New Hampshire ( email )

15 College Road
Durham, NH 03824
United States

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
56
Abstract Views
479
rank
507,317
PlumX Metrics