39 Pages Posted: 7 Apr 2016
Date Written: April 4, 2016
We show that increased litigation risk has driven innovators to shield themselves by shifting innovation out of industry and into universities. We show both theoretically and empirically that litigation by non-practicing entities (NPEs) pushes innovation to spaces with reduced litigation threat. Innovation has shifted into universities (and away from public and private firms) in exactly those industries with the most aggressive NPE litigation, precisely following extensive NPE litigation. The extent of innovation shielding is large and significant. An increase of 100 NPE lawsuits in an industry shifts up the university share of innovation by roughly 70% in subsequent years (t=5.34).
Keywords: Patent Trolls, NPEs, PAEs, Innovation, Patents
JEL Classification: D20, K10, O31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation