Hard to Forget: The Long-Lasting Impact of War on Mental Health

43 Pages Posted: 6 Apr 2016

See all articles by Massimiliano Bratti

Massimiliano Bratti

Università degli Studi di Milano - DEAS; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Mariapia Mendola

University of Milan - Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano (LdA); Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca - Department of Economics, Management and Statistics (DEMS); Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca - Center for European Studies (CefES)

Alfonso Miranda

Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: November 2015

Abstract

In this paper we examine the impact of war trauma experienced during the 1992-1995 Bosnia and Herzegovina conflict on individual mental health and labor market outcomes. By using a medically-validated depression scale and an instrumental-variable approach, we show that, six years after the conflict, traumatized individuals are more likely to be at risk of depression (by 60 percentage points) and have worse labor-market outcomes. Our results are robust to a number of sensitivity checks accounting for individual geographical mobility and different treatment intensities, and suggest that the negative effects of war trauma are not mainly mediated by physical health problems.

Keywords: war trauma, mental health, depression, Bosnia and Herzegovina

JEL Classification: I1,O1

Suggested Citation

Bratti, Massimiliano and Mendola, Mariapia and Miranda, Alfonso, Hard to Forget: The Long-Lasting Impact of War on Mental Health (November 2015). Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano Development Studies Working Paper No. 388. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2759365 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2759365

Massimiliano Bratti (Contact Author)

Università degli Studi di Milano - DEAS ( email )

Via Conservatorio, 7
I-20122 Milano
Italy

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

P.O. Box 7240
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Germany

Mariapia Mendola

University of Milan - Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano (LdA) ( email )

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Milano, 20122
Italy

Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca - Department of Economics, Management and Statistics (DEMS) ( email )

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Italy

Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca - Center for European Studies (CefES)

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Alfonso Miranda

Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE) ( email )

Carretera Mexico Toluca 3655
Col. Lomas de Santa Fe
Mexico City, Mexico 01210
Mexico

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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