Hard to Forget: The Long-Lasting Impact of War on Mental Health
43 Pages Posted: 6 Apr 2016
Date Written: November 2015
In this paper we examine the impact of war trauma experienced during the 1992-1995 Bosnia and Herzegovina conﬂict on individual mental health and labor market outcomes. By using a medically-validated depression scale and an instrumental-variable approach, we show that, six years after the conﬂict, traumatized individuals are more likely to be at risk of depression (by 60 percentage points) and have worse labor-market outcomes. Our results are robust to a number of sensitivity checks accounting for individual geographical mobility and different treatment intensities, and suggest that the negative effects of war trauma are not mainly mediated by physical health problems.
Keywords: war trauma, mental health, depression, Bosnia and Herzegovina
JEL Classification: I1,O1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation