Individual Choice or Policies? Drivers of Female Employment in Europe

45 Pages Posted: 6 Apr 2016

See all articles by Lone Christiansen

Lone Christiansen

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Huidan Lin

International Monetary Fund

Joana Pereira

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Petia B. Topalova

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Rima Turk-Ariss

International Monetary Fund; Economic Research Forum

Date Written: March 2016

Abstract

Female labor force participation has increased markedly in many European countries during the past decades. Nonetheless, participation rates remain low in some economies, and a significant gender gap persists in most countries. Using micro-level data to control for factors that influence personal choice, we re-examine the determinants of female employment in Europe. The results highlight the importance of positive attitudes towards women working and individual characteristics such as years of education and number of children. However, even after controlling for these factors, policies are also key drivers of female employment.

Keywords: gender gaps, International Social Survey Programme, labor force, labor, labor supply, employment, General, Economics of Gender, General, International Social Survey Programme.,

JEL Classification: E20, H20, H30, J16, J20

Suggested Citation

Christiansen, Lone and Lin, Huidan and Pereira, Joana and Topalova, Petia B. and Turk-Ariss, Rima, Individual Choice or Policies? Drivers of Female Employment in Europe (March 2016). IMF Working Paper No. 16/49. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2759758

Lone Christiansen (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

Huidan Lin

International Monetary Fund ( email )

700 19th Street
Washington D.C., DC 20431
United States

Joana Pereira

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

Petia B. Topalova

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

Rima Turk-Ariss

International Monetary Fund ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

Economic Research Forum ( email )

21 Al-Sad Al-Aaly St.
(P.O. Box: 12311)
Dokki, Cairo
Egypt

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