Multifunctional Role of Integrated Farming System in Developing Countries

International Journal of Bio-resource and Stress Management 2015, 6(3):424-432

9 Pages Posted: 9 Apr 2016

See all articles by Purnabha Dasgupta

Purnabha Dasgupta

Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University

Rupak Goswami

Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University

Md. Nasim Ali

Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya

Somsubhra Chakraborty

Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya

Subhrajit Saha

Georgia Southern University

Date Written: September 2015

Abstract

Agro-ecological practices, including integration within farming systems, have increasingly been acknowledged as key development alternative to safeguard rural people’s basic needs. It also enhances farmers’ socio-ecological capacities to sustain livelihoods. This paper explores the multidimensional nature of agro-ecological practices and takes stock of its multiple outcomes in smallholder systems of developing countries. Literatures suggest that farmers’ foremost concern is to meet their socio-economic, cultural and ecological needs in addition to combating multiple adversities caused by biotic and abiotic stresses. This asks for planned integration among the components in small farms leading to reduced stress and multiple benefits to the farm households.

Integration among the components of farming system are often employed as a livelihood strategy in small farms and it plays a pivotal role in meeting the multidimensional needs of the farm family such as food security, risk reduction, income and employment, biodiversity, carbon storage and energy efficiency in farm. Public extension must appreciate IFS as a socio-ecological intervention, instead of a technology, to achieve varied desirable socio-economic-ecological outcomes.

Keywords: Integrated farming, stress management, multifunctional agriculture, agro-ecological practices

JEL Classification: N50, Q16, Q18

Suggested Citation

Gupta, Purnava Das and Goswami, Rupak and Ali, Md. Nasim and Chakraborty, Somsubhra and Saha, Subhrajit, Multifunctional Role of Integrated Farming System in Developing Countries (September 2015). International Journal of Bio-resource and Stress Management 2015, 6(3):424-432, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2759976

Purnava Das Gupta

Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University ( email )

Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama, Narendrapur
Kolkata, West Bengal 700103
India

Rupak Goswami (Contact Author)

Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University ( email )

Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama, Narendrapur
Kolkata, West Bengal 700103
India

Md. Nasim Ali

Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya ( email )

Mohanpur, West Bengal
India
9749158485 (Phone)

Somsubhra Chakraborty

Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya ( email )

Cooch Behar
Pundibari, West Bengal 736165
India

Subhrajit Saha

Georgia Southern University ( email )

P.O. Box 8151
Statesboro, GA 30460-8151
United States

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