National Identity and Public Goods Provision
Comparative Economic Studies
39 Pages Posted: 10 Apr 2016 Last revised: 28 Jan 2021
Date Written: March 4, 2016
This research investigates the relationship between national identity and public goods provision across a wide range of countries. The analysis shows that national identity, measured based on survey data, and public goods provision, measured by a broad set of indicators, are negatively related. This result is explained through a proposed short-run model on country stability, where the provision of national identity and public goods are substitutable. The findings challenge the conventional wisdom on nation-building as a policy tool for mitigating the adverse effects of fractionalization, suggesting that generally it is used as a tool for governments to divert the attention of its citizens from most pressing issues, such as the provision of elementary public goods.
Keywords: National Identity; Nationalism; Public Goods; Fractionalization; Country Stability
JEL Classification: F59, H13, H20, H40, H50, Z10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation