Local Solutions for Environmental Justice

Environmental Governance in Latin America, Pages 257-286, 1st ed., 2016

35 Pages Posted: 13 Apr 2016

See all articles by David Barkin

David Barkin

Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana

Blanca Lemus


Date Written: April 9, 2016


In the context of the prevailing abundance of diversity (biological, ethnic), the profound social inequalities, and the trends and attitudes of hegemonic forces in Latin America, a coherent process of environmental governance is proving difficult and environmental injustice is aggravated. Regardless of where one turns in the region, there is an increase in the number and intensity of conflicts between groups committed to promoting economic development (i.e., growth), and those claiming to speak for the planet and/or the welfare of the large majority of the population or particular minorities, who feel excluded from these processes and are bearing the brunt of the negative impacts of these activities. This chapter addresses the underlying causes of these conflicts, by giving voice to the actors who are actually involved in developing their own alternatives to the development proposals of the hegemonic forces driving the transformations in their societies. These alternatives emerge from groups whose organizations are shaped by different cosmologies, products of their multiple ethnic origins, and by the profound philosophic and epistemological debates of the past half-century that emerged from numerous social movements proposing different strategies for achieving progress, improving well-being and conserving ecosystems.

Keywords: alternatives, autonomy, buen vivir, commons, cosmologies, diversity, indigenous knowledge, intercultural dialogue, surplus, self-sufficiency

JEL Classification: N56, O13, P40, Q29, Q39

Suggested Citation

Barkin, David and Lemus, Blanca, Local Solutions for Environmental Justice (April 9, 2016). Environmental Governance in Latin America, Pages 257-286, 1st ed., 2016 , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2761365

David Barkin (Contact Author)

Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana ( email )

Calzada del Hueso 1100
Mexico, 04960

HOME PAGE: http://www.xoc.uam.mx/prodeco

Blanca Lemus

Independent ( email )

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