Organised Criminal-Terrorist Groups in the Sahel: Why a Counterterrorism/Counterinsurgency-Only Approach Ignores the Roots of the Problem
18 Pages Posted: 16 Apr 2016
Date Written: April 10, 2016
The Sahel region is home to a number of groups that profess to be jihadi in orientation but that rely heavily on organised criminal activity, which nets these groups millions in revenue and helps embed them within local communities. As worrying as the presence of these entities is, what is of greater concern is the way the US, as well as France, has responded to the threat they pose: to securitize and militarize the region. In this analysis, after an explanation of the crime-terrorism nexus - that is, of the human insecurity and criminal activities these regional groups exploit - attention shifts to an assessment of US and French counterterrorism and counterinsurgency policies in the Sahel, which are not answering the core reason why criminal-terrorist groups prosper in this region.
Keywords: Sahel, Counter-terrorism, Counter-insurgency, human security, organised crime, U.S.
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