벤처확인유형을 중심으로 한 벤처기업의 성장 분석 (An Analysis of Venture Firms’ Growth in Korea: Focusing on the Differences between ‘Venture Certification Types’)

KDI Journal of Economic Policy 2013, 35(1) 63-101

40 Pages Posted: 18 Apr 2016 Last revised: 29 Apr 2016

See all articles by Kiwan Kim

Kiwan Kim

Korea Development Institute (KDI)

Date Written: March 12, 2013

Abstract

Korean Abstract: 우리나라의 ‘벤처기업’은 법적 용어로서 벤처캐피털 투자기업(‘벤처투자기업’)뿐만 아니라 연구개발기업과 정책자금 지원기업(‘기술평가 보증⋅대출 기업’)들을 포괄한다는 특징을 지닌다. 본 논문은 벤처확인유형에 따른 우리나라 벤처기업의 성장에서의 차이를 분석하였다. 실증분석을 위해서 중소기업청의 1998~2010년 벤처확인기업 명단을 ‘한국기업데이터’(KED) 재무 데이터와 연계하여 사용하였다. 실증분석 결과, 벤처투자기업은 기업공개 확률이나 최초 벤처확인 이후 3년 및 5년이 경과한 시점에서의 매출⋅고용 성장률 모두에서 기술평가 보증 대출 기업에 비해 우수한 것으로 나타났으며, 2003년 이후 신규 인증된 연구개발기업 역시 기술평가 보증⋅대출 기업에 비해 우수한 성장성을 보이고 있다. 이 결과는 벤처기업’이라는 단일한 명칭에도 불구하고 이들 기업군은 상이한 속성을 지닌 기업들로 구성되어 있으며, 기업 성장 면에서 정책적 선별이 시장에 의한 선별에 상응하는 효과를 도출하지 못하고 있다는 점을 시사하고 있다. 이를 감안할 때 벤처지원정책은 벤처확인유형별로 상이한 기업군의 지원 수요를 적극적으로 고려할 필요가 있으며, 명목상의 벤처기업 수 증가보다는 벤처캐피털 시장 의 활성화에 정책의 초점을 맞추는 것이 바람직하다.

English Abstract: ‘Venture firms’ in Korea are the firms who are certified as ‘venture’, whose certification types are defined by a law (‘Special Law for the Support of Venture Firms’), and therefore encompass not only the venture capital-financed companies, which are usually regarded as ventures in USA and European countries, but also other types of firms such as R&D-intensive firms and the firms with financial guarantee or loans through technology evaluation (‘technology finance or loan firms’). This paper examines the differences in the Korean venture firms’ growth between the venture certification types. For the empirical analysis, this paper uses the lists of venture-certified firms from 1998 to 2010 which are then linked with their financial data in Korea Enterprises Database (KED). According to the results of empirical analyses, the companies in the ‘venture capital-financed firms’ type show greater growth rate in sales and the number of regular employees 3 and 5 years after first venture certification than the firms in type of ‘technology finance/loan firms’. Moreover, the newly certified companies in ‘R&D-intensive firms’ type are also showing faster growth than the ‘technology finance/loan firms’ since 2003 where the venture industry has undergone a consolidation phase after the blast of so-called ‘IT venture bubble’ in 2001-2002. These results imply that the so-called ‘venture firms’ in Korea are composed with heterogeneous firm groups with different characteristics and that the companies selected through market mechanism (‘venture capital-financed firms’) outperforms the companies selected on the basis of policy interests (‘technology finance/loan firms’) in terms of the growth in sales and employment. On the basis of these findings, this paper suggests that the current venture-support policy should consider the different policy demands of firms across the type of venture certification more actively and that should refocus the objective of policies on facilitating venture capital market rather than emphasizing the nominal increase in the number of venture-certified firms.

Note: Downloadable document is in Korean.

Keywords: 벤처기업 (Venture Firms), 기업성장 (Firm Growth), 벤처확인제도 (Venture Certification System), 한국 사례 연구 (Korean Case Study)

JEL Classification: D2, L2, L6

Suggested Citation

Kim, Kiwan, 벤처확인유형을 중심으로 한 벤처기업의 성장 분석 (An Analysis of Venture Firms’ Growth in Korea: Focusing on the Differences between ‘Venture Certification Types’) (March 12, 2013). KDI Journal of Economic Policy 2013, 35(1) 63-101, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2763998

Kiwan Kim (Contact Author)

Korea Development Institute (KDI) ( email )

263 Namsejong-ro
Sejong-si 30149
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

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