Homo Moralis: Personal Characteristics, Institutions, and Moral Decision-Making
29 Pages Posted: 15 Apr 2016
Date Written: March 10, 2016
This paper studies how individual characteristics, institutions, and their interaction influence moral decisions. We validate a moral paradigm focusing on the willingness to accept harming third parties. Consequences of moral decisions are real. We explore how moral behavior varies with individual characteristics and how these characteristics interact with market institutions compared to situations of individual decision-making. Intelligence, female gender, and the existence of siblings positively influence moral decisions, in individual and in market environments. Yet in markets, most personalities tend to follow overall much lower moral standards. Only fluid intelligence specifically counteracts moral-eroding effects of markets.
Keywords: homo moralis, moral personality, real moral task, markets and personality, trade and morals
JEL Classification: D020, D030, J100
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation