The Zika Virus — Global Public Health and Legal Preparedness
Lexis PSL (2016)
Posted: 21 Apr 2016 Last revised: 26 Apr 2016
Date Written: March 31, 2016
In this brief piece academics at the Public Health Law and Policy Program at Arizona State University explore key questions and answers related to global and domestic impacts related to Zika virus (ZIKV). Spreading rapidly throughout Latin America, millions more may be infected in Latin and North America in 2016. ZIKV is spread primarily through the migration of multiple species of Aedes mosquitos. Most (80%) of those infected are asymptomatic, but they can still transmit the virus to others through unprotected sex, blood transfusions, and maternal-child. In pregnant women, the virus is known to cause birth complications such as microcephaly, fetal hydrops, miscarriage, and other disabling defects. Others may also contract Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) and other neurologic disorders. There are currently no established treatment, vaccines, or cures, contributing to varied legal and ethical preparedness responses and controversies.
Keywords: public health, global health, legal preparedness, response
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation