Exporting the Competition Policy Regime of the European Union: Success or Failure? Empirical Evidence for Acceding Countries

14 Pages Posted: 14 Apr 2016

See all articles by Michael Böheim

Michael Böheim

Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO); Vienna University of Economics and Business - Department of Economics

Klaus Friesenbichler

Austrian Institute of Economic Research

Date Written: May 2016

Abstract

This paper studies the role of a country's EU membership status as an explanatory factor of regulatory quality. It argues that accession to the European Union improves the quality of regulation via the implementation of pro‐competitive policies embedded in the Community Acquis. We assess this conjecture empirically for the (former) transition economies of Central and Eastern Europe, using Member States as well as developing and developed countries in Europe and Central Asia as a control group. The data used is a macro‐economic panel of 48 countries covering six three‐year periods between 1995 and 2012. We find that EU accession positively affected the quality of competition policies over and above an overall trend towards more market‐oriented policies. The improvement in competition policies was not reversed in a single country of the sample, documenting the strong and sustainable transformative power of the EU. The findings are robust when controlling for endogeneity issues.

Keywords: Community Acquis, competition policy, EU accession, policy diffusion, regulation

Suggested Citation

Böheim, Michael and Friesenbichler, Klaus, Exporting the Competition Policy Regime of the European Union: Success or Failure? Empirical Evidence for Acceding Countries (May 2016). JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 54, Issue 3, pp. 569-582, 2016, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2764567 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcms.12321

Michael Böheim (Contact Author)

Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO) ( email )

P.O. Box 91
Wien, A-1103
Austria

Vienna University of Economics and Business - Department of Economics ( email )

Augasse 2-6
A-1090 Wien
Austria

Klaus Friesenbichler

Austrian Institute of Economic Research ( email )

P.O. Box 91
Wien, A-1103
Austria

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