Bridging the Gap: National Human Rights Institutions and the Inter-American Human Rights System

Forthcoming in: P. Engstrom et al. (eds.) Assessing the Impact of the Inter-American Human Rights System (TBC)

33 Pages Posted: 18 Apr 2016

See all articles by Tom Pegram

Tom Pegram

University College London

Nataly Herrera

Independent

Date Written: February 16, 2016

Abstract

As the focus turns towards the challenge of human rights implementation, increasing attention is being paid to how the Inter-American Human Rights System (IAHRS) actually informs human rights politics and practice in domestic jurisdictions. In this task, national human rights institutions (NHRIs) in Latin America, most commonly Human Rights Commissions or Ombudsmen (Comisiones Nacionales de los Derechos Humanos and Defensorías del Pueblo), have emerged as potentially important intermediary actors for both the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR), serving as links in the transmission and implementation of international human rights norms and rulings. The chapter begins with a discussion of NHRIs as IAHRS compliance intermediaries, with particular attention paid to their formal aptitude to assume such a function. We then highlight the formal relationship between NHRIs and the IAHRS before specifying modalities of engagement in greater detail, drawing on the experience of NHRIs throughout the region. The chapter closes with an in depth case study of the Peruvian office and an examination of what the analysis means for the future of NHRI-IAHRS relations. It concludes that the system could do more to engage credible NHRIs in its activities, both as a resource to buttress its own impact and to provide support for its embattled supporters at the domestic level.

Keywords: Human rights, ombudsmen, national human rights institutions, interamerican system, Peru

Suggested Citation

Pegram, Tom and Herrera, Nataly, Bridging the Gap: National Human Rights Institutions and the Inter-American Human Rights System (February 16, 2016). Forthcoming in: P. Engstrom et al. (eds.) Assessing the Impact of the Inter-American Human Rights System (TBC). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2765787

Tom Pegram (Contact Author)

University College London ( email )

29/30 Tavistock Square
London, WC1H 9QU
United Kingdom
442031089291 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/spp/people/thomas-pegram

Nataly Herrera

Independent

Schutzbergstrasse
66119, Alt Saarbrücken
Saarbrücken, Saarland 66119
Germany

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