Does Trade Liberalization with China Influence U.S. Elections?

41 Pages Posted: 18 Apr 2016

See all articles by Yi Che

Yi Che

Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) - Antai College of Economics and Management

Yi Lu

National University of Singapore (NUS)

Justin R. Pierce

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System

Peter K. Schott

Yale University - School of Management; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Yale University - Cowles Foundation

Zhigang Tao

The University of Hong Kong - School of Business

Date Written: April 2016

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of trade liberalization on U.S. Congressional elections. We find that U.S. counties subject to greater competition from China via a change in U.S. trade policy exhibit relative increases in turnout, the share of votes cast for Democrats and the probability that the county is represented by a Democrat. We find that these changes are consistent with Democrats in office during the period examined being more likely than Republicans to support legislation limiting import competition or favoring economic assistance.

Suggested Citation

Che, Yi and Lu, Yi and Pierce, Justin R. and Schott, Peter K. and Tao, Zhigang, Does Trade Liberalization with China Influence U.S. Elections? (April 2016). NBER Working Paper No. w22178. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2766163

Yi Che (Contact Author)

Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) - Antai College of Economics and Management ( email )

Huashan Road 1954
Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Shanghai, Shanghai 200030
China

Yi Lu

National University of Singapore (NUS) ( email )

1E Kent Ridge Road
NUHS Tower Block Level 7
Singapore, 119228
Singapore

Justin R. Pierce

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System ( email )

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Peter K. Schott

Yale University - School of Management ( email )

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203-436-6974 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.som.yale.edu/faculty/pks4

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Yale University - Cowles Foundation

Box 208281
New Haven, CT 06520-8281
United States

Zhigang Tao

The University of Hong Kong - School of Business ( email )

Meng Wah Complex
Pokfulam Road
Hong Kong
China
(852) 2857-8223 (Phone)
(852) 2858-5614 (Fax)

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