Does Trade Liberalization with China Influence U.S. Elections?
41 Pages Posted: 18 Apr 2016 Last revised: 1 Apr 2022
Date Written: April 2016
This paper examines the impact of trade liberalization on U.S. Congressional elections. We find that U.S. counties subject to greater competition from China via a change in U.S. trade policy exhibit relative increases in turnout, the share of votes cast for Democrats and the probability that the county is represented by a Democrat. We find that these changes are consistent with Democrats in office during the period examined being more likely than Republicans to support legislation limiting import competition or favoring economic assistance.
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