The Long Run Effects of Labor Migration on Human Capital Formation in Communities of Origin

61 Pages Posted: 18 Apr 2016

See all articles by Taryn Dinkelman

Taryn Dinkelman

Dartmouth College - Department of Economics

Martine Mariotti

Australian National University (ANU) - Research School of Economics

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Date Written: February 2016

Abstract

We provide new evidence of one channel through which circular labor migration has long run effects on origin communities: by raising completed human capital of the next generation. We estimate the net effects of migration from Malawi to South African mines using newly digitized Census and administrative data on access to mine jobs, a difference-in-differences strategy and two opposite-signed and plausibly exogenous shocks to the option to migrate. Twenty years after these shocks, human capital is 4.8-6.9% higher among cohorts who were eligible for schooling in communities with the easiest access to migrant jobs.

Keywords: Africa, human capital formation, labor migration, long run impacts, origin communities

JEL Classification: F22, F24, N37, O12, O15, O55

Suggested Citation

Dinkelman, Taryn and Mariotti, Martine, The Long Run Effects of Labor Migration on Human Capital Formation in Communities of Origin (February 2016). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP11134, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2766425

Taryn Dinkelman (Contact Author)

Dartmouth College - Department of Economics ( email )

Hanover, NH 03755
United States

Martine Mariotti

Australian National University (ANU) - Research School of Economics ( email )

Canberra
Australia

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