Legal Machines and Legal Act Production within Multisensory Operational Implementations
Lothar Philipps, Rainhard Bengez (eds.) Von der Spezifikation zum Schluss: Rhetorisches, topisches und plausibles Schließen in Normen- und Regelsystemen [From Specification to Conclusion], pp. 147–168. Nomos, Baden-Baden, 2013. ISBN 978-3-8487-0399-9
22 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Date Written: November 23, 2011
The concept of legal machine is elaborated: first, the creation of institutional facts by machines, and, second, multimodal communication of legal content to humans. Examples are traffic lights, vending machines, workflows, etc. Machines can be imposed status-functions of legal actors. Their acts have legal importance and draw legal consequences. Thus the concept of iustitia distributiva and societal distribution is enhanced. The analogy of machines with humans is explored. Legal content, which is communicated by machines, can be perceived by all of our senses and expressed in multimodal languages: textual, visual, acoustic, gestures, aircraft manoeuvres, etc. This paper introduces the concept of encapsulating human into machine. Human-intended actions are communicated to third persons through the machine’s output channel. Encapsulations are compared with deities and mythical creatures, which can send gods’ messages to people through the human mouth.
Keywords: legal act, institutional fact, legal status, legal informatics, multisensory law, legal visualization
JEL Classification: C61, C63, C88, D74, D83, H54, I28, K40, L86, O38
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