Countering Fragmentation of Habitats Under International Wildlife Regimes
M.J. Bowman, P.G.G. Davies and E.J. Goodwin (eds.), Research Handbook on Biodiversity and Law, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishers 2016, pp. 219-244
21 Pages Posted: 21 Apr 2016
Date Written: April 19, 2016
The focus of this chapter is on the threat of habitat fragmentation, and the corresponding challenge of connectivity conservation. In particular, the chapter aims to identify the varying extents to which international wildlife regimes are conducive to, or even require, the maintenance or achievement of an adequate degree of ecological connectivity. Legal instruments examined include the Ramsar Wetlands Convention; World Heritage Convention; Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) and selected daughter instruments; Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD); African Convention(s) on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources; Bern Convention on European Wildlife and Natural Habitats; and EU Habitats Directive. The problem of habitat fragmentation and the corresponding need for connectivity conservation are not addressed in so many words in the provisions of most of these legal instruments. In many cases, however, the interpretation of relevant provisions in light of (i) the instruments’ objectives, (ii) current scientific knowledge on fragmentation and connectivity, including regarding the needs of species in order to cope with climate change, and (iii) relevant decisions by the parties, renders the conclusion that measures to counter fragmentation and ensure connectivity are mandatory.
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