Homegrown Development Initiatives in Africa: Illusion or Reality?
29 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Date Written: February 20, 2016
This is an attempt to articulate a development strategy that is compatible to developing countries with special focus on Africa. I argue that evidence from underdeveloped countries shows that externally driven development framework does not work. And for a country to make headway in socioeconomic progress, an endogenously generated strategy that integrates basic development principles with local characteristics and imperative is needed. This strategy known as homegrown development is an alternative to externally driven development models. This approach corresponds with the endogenous growth theory and the call for indigenous strategy for development. It presupposes the necessity of development planning (Arthur Lewis) and also agrees with the importance of decentralization as propounded by Freiderich Hayek in the Road to Selfdom. This paper takes a conceptual analysis (to articulate homegrown development), normative (to explore the relationship between challenges of development in Africa to its dominant development approaches) and empirical approaches (using global development trajectories to argue that successful countries took homegrown strategy to development). It explores development frameworks of Nigeria, Rwanda and South Africa to ascertain the extent African countries are taking homegrown approach to development. This paper also finds that political and collective will is a critical factor to development whether homegrown or not.
Keywords: development, development strategy, socioeconomics, Africa, development in Africa, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa
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