Mining in Arctic and Non-Arctic Regions: A Socioeconomic Assessment

29 Pages Posted: 25 Apr 2016

See all articles by Anders Frederiksen

Anders Frederiksen

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Maja Kadenic

Aarhus University


In this paper, we study how mines change local societies in the Nordic countries with a particular focus on the Arctic region. Our study is based on register data at the municipality level from Norway, Sweden, and Finland for the period 1986 to 2013. The applied econometric model allows for identification of the total socioeconomic effects that occur throughout the mine's life cycle. We find positive effects on local employment and reductions in unemployment and the number of people outside the labor force when a mine is opening up. We also detect significant shifts in the industry structure in the period around a mine opening and we find that mines attract young people and reduce crime rates. We do not find any effects on the local population size, the gender or education compositions, or fertility rates.

Keywords: mining, Arctic, socioeconomic effects, resource development, Nordic countries

JEL Classification: J2, J15, O12

Suggested Citation

Frederiksen, Anders and Kadenic, Maja, Mining in Arctic and Non-Arctic Regions: A Socioeconomic Assessment. IZA Discussion Paper No. 9883. Available at SSRN:

Anders Frederiksen (Contact Author)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072

Maja Kadenic

Aarhus University ( email )

Nordre Ringgade 1
DK-8000 Aarhus C, 8000

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