Age and Gender Profiling in the Chinese and Mexican Labor Markets: Evidence from Four Job Boards

41 Pages Posted: 25 Apr 2016

See all articles by Miguel Delgado Helleseter

Miguel Delgado Helleseter

California State University, Channel Islands

Peter Kuhn

University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Kailing Shen

Xiamen University; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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Abstract

When permitted by law, employers sometimes state the preferred age and sex of their employees in job ads. We study this practice using data from one Mexican and three Chinese job boards, showing that it is widely used to request both genders and is especially prevalent in jobs with low skill requirements. For example, on the job board serving less-skilled production and service workers in China, 72 percent of ads specified a preferred gender, and 77 percent listed both a minimum and maximum age. We also document a new stylized fact we call the age twist in gender profiling: firms' explicit gender requests shift dramatically away from women and towards men when firms are seeking older (as opposed to younger) workers. While some of this twist can be attributed to employers' age-dependent requests for (female) beauty and (male) leadership, the timing of the shift suggests that young women's movement into childbearing also plays a role.

Keywords: gender, discrimination, age, China, Mexico, Internet, beauty, search, recruiting, screening

JEL Classification: J16, J63, J71

Suggested Citation

Delgado Helleseter, Miguel and Kuhn, Peter J. and Shen, Kailing, Age and Gender Profiling in the Chinese and Mexican Labor Markets: Evidence from Four Job Boards. IZA Discussion Paper No. 9891, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2769199

Miguel Delgado Helleseter (Contact Author)

California State University, Channel Islands

One University Drive
Camarillo, CA 93012
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Peter J. Kuhn

University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) - Department of Economics ( email )

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Santa Barbara, CA 93106
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(805) 893-8830 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Kailing Shen

Xiamen University ( email )

Xiamen, Fujian 361005
China

HOME PAGE: http://www.wise.xmu.edu.cn/faculty/shen

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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