Developments in Undernutrition in Indian Children Under Five: A Decompositional Analysis

28 Pages Posted: 25 Apr 2016

See all articles by Peng Nie

Peng Nie

University of Hohenheim

Anu Rammohan

University of Sydney Business School

Wencke Gwozdz

Copenhagen Business School; University of Hohenheim

Alfonso Sousa-Poza

University of Hohenheim - Institute of Household and Consumer Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

This study uses two waves (2004–2005 and 2011–2012) of the nationally representative Indian Human Development Survey to conduct a systematic decompositional analysis of the demographic and socio-economic factors contributing to undernutrition among children under five in India. The analytic method combines three types of decomposition: Blinder-Oaxaca, non-linear, and unconditional quantile. Child undernutrition is measured by z-scores for height-for-age (HAZ), weight-for-height (WHZ), weight-for-age (WAZ), and for the Composite Index of Anthropometric Failure (CIAF). Although our results show modest improvements on some measures, undernutrition among India's young children remains widespread. The improvements we do identify are partly attributable to changes in household wealth and maternal characteristics like body mass index and education.

Keywords: child undernutrition, India, decomposition

JEL Classification: I15, I31, C21

Suggested Citation

Nie, Peng and Rammohan, Anu and Gwozdz, Wencke and Sousa-Poza, Alfonso, Developments in Undernutrition in Indian Children Under Five: A Decompositional Analysis. IZA Discussion Paper No. 9893, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2769201

Peng Nie (Contact Author)

University of Hohenheim ( email )

Fruwirthstr. 48
Stuttgart, 70599
Germany

Anu Rammohan

University of Sydney Business School ( email )

Cnr. of Codrington and Rose Streets
Sydney, NSW 2006
Australia

Wencke Gwozdz

Copenhagen Business School ( email )

Solbjerg Plads 3
Frederiksberg C, DK - 2000
Denmark
+4538153391 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.cbs.dk/staff/wg

University of Hohenheim ( email )

Germany

Alfonso Sousa-Poza

University of Hohenheim - Institute of Household and Consumer Economics ( email )

Fruwirthstrasse 48
Kavaliershaus 4 116
70599 Stuttgart
Germany
++49 (0)711/459-22863 (Phone)
++49 (0)711/459-23953 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.uni-hohenheim.de/hhoek/englisch/people/alfonsosousapoza/index.html

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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