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Higher Career Cost Can Actually Explain Why More Women Than Men Go to College

20 Pages Posted: 27 Apr 2016 Last revised: 27 Jul 2017

Hanzhe Zhang

Michigan State University

Date Written: July 20, 2017

Abstract

This paper shows how gender-differential career cost can explain why in most of the developed countries women go to college at a higher rate than men but earn less on average. I assume men and women make costly college and career investments but women face an extra cost for career investment because such investment occurs during their fertile period. The extra career cost discourages women from investing in career but surprisingly encourages more women than men to go to college through a general-equilibrium marriage-market channel that results in an endogenously higher college marriage premium for women.

Keywords: college gender gap, gender pay gap, college marriage premium

JEL Classification: C78, D1, I2

Suggested Citation

Zhang, Hanzhe, Higher Career Cost Can Actually Explain Why More Women Than Men Go to College (July 20, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2770854 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2770854

Hanzhe Zhang (Contact Author)

Michigan State University ( email )

East Lansing, MI 48824
United States

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