The Impact of Working Conditions on Female Teachers’ Performance in Private Universities of Karachi

Proceedings of INTED2016 Conference 7th-9th March 2016, Valencia, Spain

10 Pages Posted: 29 Apr 2016

See all articles by Rizwan Ahmed

Rizwan Ahmed

Indus University

Jolita Vveinhardt

Vytautas Magnus University; Lithuanian Sports University

Nawaz Ahmad

RTS (Research, Trainings, and Solutions); Institute of Business Management (IoBM)

Hifza Sadiq

Indus University

Date Written: March 7, 2016

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this research is to identify those factors that can impact the female teachers performance in private universities of Karachi. The objective of this research is to identify the working environment; workload, late working hours and harassment create hurdles on women teachers’ performance in private universities of Karachi.

Design & Methodology: The research design, which we use, is descriptive research design because we determine the association between the dependent and independent variables. Our independent variables are working hours, workload and harassment these are the causes that can be controlled or changed. The research explores the impact of these variables on female teachers performance. A structured questionnaire is designed to collect 200-sample size from four different private universities in Karachi. The research design of study was quantitative in nature and data was analyzed through regression and correlation analysis.

Finding & Recommendations: The results of the study concluded that the overall working environments of universities have a significant impact on the performance of female teachers. Other variables i.e. workload, working hour and female harassment have significant impacts on female teachers performance too. Therefore, it is finally concluded that non-conducive working environment, unjustified working hours, excessive workload and sexual harassment create a negative impact on women employee performance in private universities of Karachi. On the basis of results, it is recommended to the private universities that it is a sole responsibility of university that conducive working environment, justified workload, reasonable working hours and harassment free environment should be provided to the female teachers in order to utilize their optimal performance.

Keywords: Working conditions, Workload, Harassment, Private universities, Teachers performance

JEL Classification: C12, I29, J28, N3.

Suggested Citation

Raheem, Ahmed and Vveinhardt, Jolita and Ahmad, Nawaz and Sadiq, Hifza, The Impact of Working Conditions on Female Teachers’ Performance in Private Universities of Karachi (March 7, 2016). Proceedings of INTED2016 Conference 7th-9th March 2016, Valencia, Spain. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2771616

Ahmed Raheem (Contact Author)

Indus University ( email )

ST-2D, Block 17, Gulshan-e-Iqbal
Gulshan-e-Iqbal
Karachi, Sindh 75300
Pakistan

Jolita Vveinhardt

Vytautas Magnus University ( email )

S. Daukanto 28
Kaunas, LT- 44254
Lithuania

Lithuanian Sports University ( email )

Sporto str. 6
Kaunas, LT-44221
Lithuania

Nawaz Ahmad

RTS (Research, Trainings, and Solutions) ( email )

9th Nishat Lane, DHA 6
9th Nishat Lane, DHA 6
Karachi, Sindh 75500
Pakistan
00923009292422 (Phone)

Institute of Business Management (IoBM) ( email )

Plot # 84
Korangi Creek
Karachi, Sindh 75190
Pakistan

HOME PAGE: http://www.faculty.iobm.edu.pk/staff/nawaz-ahmad/

Hifza Sadiq

Indus University ( email )

ST-2D, Block 17, Gulshan-e-Iqbal
Gulshan-e-Iqbal
Karachi, Sindh 75300
Pakistan

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