GIFs as Quotations Under EU Copyright Law

8 Pages Posted: 3 May 2016

See all articles by Ketan Modh

Ketan Modh

Leiden Law School; National Law University Jodhpur (NLUJ)

Date Written: April 21, 2016


The Graphics Interchange Format (GIF), an image format that allows for very short, downgraded video clips, has gained massive presence on the internet in the recent years due to the increasing availability of bandwidth and server space that allows even small websites to make a large impact by including moving images in what would otherwise be a wall of text. However, GIF files are made using excerpts of copyrighted content – which could be a violation of the author’s rights in such material. This paper explores the possible defense to the use of GIF files under EU Copyright Law by looking into the exception provided for the use of quotations under the law.

Keywords: GIF, Quotation Rights, Copyright Law, Copyright Exceptions

JEL Classification: K11

Suggested Citation

Modh, Ketan, GIFs as Quotations Under EU Copyright Law (April 21, 2016). Available at SSRN: or

Ketan Modh (Contact Author)

Leiden Law School ( email )

P.O. Box 9520
2300 RA Leiden, NL-2300RA

National Law University Jodhpur (NLUJ) ( email )

NH-65, Nagaur Road, Mandore
Jodhpur, 342001

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