International Cooperation to Improve Access to and Sustain Effectiveness of Antimicrobials

13 Pages Posted: 4 May 2016 Last revised: 10 Jun 2016

See all articles by Christine Årdal

Christine Årdal

University of Oslo

Kevin Outterson

Boston University School of Law

Steven Hoffman

York University; Harvard University

Abdul Ghafur

Apollo Hospital

Mike Sharland

St. George's Hospital Medical School

Nisha Ranganathan

Royal Free Hospital

Richard Smith

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Anna Zorzet

ReAct - Action on Antibiotic Resistance

Jennifer Cohn

University of Pennsylvania - Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases

Didier Pittet

University of Geneva Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine

Nils Daulaire

Georgetown University Law Center

Chantal Morel

McGill University

Zain Rizvi

Yale University, Law School, Students

Manica Balasegaram

Independent

Osman Dar

Chatham House - Centre on Global Health Security

David L. Heymann

World Health Organization - Communicable Diseases

Alison Holmes

McGill University

Luke Moore

Imperial College London

Ramanan Laxminarayan

The Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy (CDDEP); Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy; Princeton University

Marc Mendelson

University of Cape Town (UCT)

John-Arne Røttingen

Norwegian Knowledge Center for the Health Services

Date Written: January 16, 2016

Abstract

Securing access to effective antimicrobials is one of the greatest challenges today. Until now, efforts to address this issue have been isolated and uncoordinated, with little focus on sustainable and international solutions. Global collective action is necessary to improve access to life-saving antimicrobials, conserving them, and ensuring continued innovation. Access, conservation, and innovation are beneficial when achieved independently, but much more effective and sustainable if implemented in concert within and across countries. WHO alone will not be able to drive these actions. It will require a multisector response (including the health, agriculture, and veterinary sectors), global coordination, and financing mechanisms with sufficient mandates, authority, resources, and power. Fortunately, securing access to effective antimicrobials has finally gained a place on the global political agenda, and we call on policy makers to develop, endorse, and finance new global institutional arrangements that can ensure robust implementation and bold collective action.

Keywords: antibiotic resistance, patents, intellectual property, health law, pandemics

JEL Classification: I12, I18, I19, K32, K39

Suggested Citation

Årdal, Christine and Outterson, Kevin and Hoffman, Steven and Ghafur, Abdul and Sharland, Mike and Ranganathan, Nisha and Smith, Richard and Zorzet, Anna and Cohn, Jennifer and Pittet, Didier and Daulaire, Nils and Morel, Chantal and Rizvi, Zain and Balasegaram, Manica and Dar, Osman and Heymann, David L. and Holmes, Alison and Moore, Luke and Laxminarayan, Ramanan and Mendelson, Marc and Røttingen, John-Arne, International Cooperation to Improve Access to and Sustain Effectiveness of Antimicrobials (January 16, 2016). The Lancet, Volume 387, No. 10015, pp. 296-307, 2016; Boston Univ. School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 16-16; Ottawa Faculty of Law Working Paper No. 2016-22. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2774291

Christine Årdal

University of Oslo

PO Box 6706 St Olavs plass
Oslo, N-0317
Norway

Kevin Outterson (Contact Author)

Boston University School of Law ( email )

765 Commonwealth Avenue
Boston, MA 02215
United States

Steven Hoffman

York University ( email )

Global Strategy Lab
4700 Keele Street
Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3
Canada
+1-416-736-2100 ext 33364 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.globalstrategylab.org/people/steven-hoffman

Harvard University ( email )

Department of Global Health & Population
665 Huntington Avenue, Building 1, Room 1104
Boston, MA 02115
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/steven-hoffman/

Abdul Ghafur

Apollo Hospital ( email )

E-2, Sector-26
Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201301
India

Mike Sharland

St. George's Hospital Medical School

Cranmer Terrace
Tooting, SW17 0RE
United Kingdom

Nisha Ranganathan

Royal Free Hospital

London
United Kingdom

Richard Smith

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine ( email )

Keppel Street
London, WC1E 7HT
United Kingdom

Anna Zorzet

ReAct - Action on Antibiotic Resistance ( email )

Box 513
Uppsala, 751 20
Sweden

Jennifer Cohn

University of Pennsylvania - Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases ( email )

3400 Spruce Street
3rd Floor Silverstein, Suite D
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States

Didier Pittet

University of Geneva Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine

Rue Gabrielle-Perret-Gentil 4
Geneva 14, 1211
Switzerland

Nils Daulaire

Georgetown University Law Center ( email )

600 New Jersey Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20001
United States

Chantal Morel

McGill University ( email )

1001 Sherbrooke St. W
Montreal, Quebec H3A 1G5
Canada

Zain Rizvi

Yale University, Law School, Students ( email )

127 Wall Street
New Haven, CT 06511
United States

Manica Balasegaram

Independent

No Address Available

Osman Dar

Chatham House - Centre on Global Health Security

London
United Kingdom

David L. Heymann

World Health Organization - Communicable Diseases ( email )

20 Avenue Appia
Geneva 27, CH-1211
Switzerland

Alison Holmes

McGill University ( email )

1001 Sherbrooke St. W
Montreal, Quebec H3A 1G5
Canada

Luke Moore

Imperial College London

South Kensington Campus
Exhibition Road
London, Greater London SW7 2AZ
United Kingdom

Ramanan Laxminarayan

The Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy (CDDEP) ( email )

1616 P St NW
Suite 600
Washington DC, DC 20036
United States

Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy ( email )

1616 P Street, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.cddep.org

Princeton University ( email )

22 Chambers Street
Princeton, NJ 08544-0708
United States

Marc Mendelson

University of Cape Town (UCT)

Private Bag X3
Rondebosch, Western Cape 7701
South Africa

John-Arne Røttingen

Norwegian Knowledge Center for the Health Services ( email )

Norway

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