Process or Candidate: The International Community and the Demand for Electoral Integrity

51 Pages Posted: 5 May 2016 Last revised: 12 Dec 2017

See all articles by Johannes Bubeck

Johannes Bubeck

Deutsche Bundesbank

Nikolay Marinov

University of Houston - Department of Political Science

Date Written: January 22, 2017

Abstract

Why do outside powers intervene in other countries' elections? We distinguish between two types of electoral interventions: interventions in favor of the democratic process and interventions in favor of particular candidates and parties. Contrary to the conventional wisdom, outside powers often simultaneously pursue interventions of both types. Using a formal model of elections with bias, we argue that outside powers will always invest some resources in particular candidates, if they care about the differences in their proposed policies. Spending on the electoral process is driven by liberalism concerns and geo-political interests. In some cases, liberal powers might decrease their amount of support for the electoral process if this engagement works against their favored candidate. We also consider the case of "election wars." These occur when two outside powers simultaneously intervene on different sides of an election. Some of the observable implications of the model are briefly demonstrated using a new and original dataset.

Keywords: democratization, international relations, elections

Suggested Citation

Bubeck, Johannes and Marinov, Nikolay, Process or Candidate: The International Community and the Demand for Electoral Integrity (January 22, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2774467 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2774467

Johannes Bubeck

Deutsche Bundesbank

Wilhelm-Epstein-Str. 14
Frankfurt/Main, 60431
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/view/johannesbubeck

Nikolay Marinov (Contact Author)

University of Houston - Department of Political Science ( email )

TX 77204-3011
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.nikolaymarinov.com

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