Gender Equality in Muslim-Majority Countries
35 Pages Posted: 5 May 2016
Date Written: May 5, 2016
Discrimination has been documented against women in Muslim-majority countries. Constitutions differ among Muslim-majority countries. By using women’s rights indicators and exploiting cross-country variation, we find that discrimination against women is more pronounced in countries where Islam is the source of legislation. Constitutions changed in only four Muslim-majority countries since 1980. We discuss anecdotal evidence to what extent women’s rights changed as a consequence of new constitutions. Empirical studies should thus distinguish between types of Muslim-majority countries.
Keywords: Islam, gender equality, countries with Muslim majority, Al-Azhar’s Islamic constitution
JEL Classification: D630, I390, J160, O110, Z120
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