Impact of Working Ability, Motivation and Working Condition to Employee's Performance; Case in Private Universities in West Jakarta

8 Pages Posted: 9 May 2016  

Deasy Aseanty

Trisakti University

Date Written: April 30, 2016


Employee is part of organization which has a significant role and impact to the performance of an organization. They have to run the operational process that led to organizational success. Therefore, it is important for us to know what factors that influence employee performance. It is also because the employee performance is a very significant factor affecting profitability of an organization. Inefficient job performance will bring about a tragedy to the organization as associated with lower productivity, profitability and overall organizational effectiveness. Measuring performance is an essential function in business management. Business owners usually have quantitative or qualitative analysis procedures to review their companies operations. Quantitative analysis uses mathematical calculations to measure the performance output. Qualitative analysis allows business owners, or also customers to make personal judgments or inferences from business information. Employee performance is a key cog of a company. Employees usually represent the largest expense for a company, and measuring performance is essential to the employee management process. So, it can be concluded that the employee performance is the core construct of today’s work place. The importance of employee is also way higher in service sectors, including education sectors.

The purpose of this study was to empirically prove the impact of working ability, working condition, and motivation on employee’s performance in private universities in West Jakarta. University of Bunda Mulia, University of Bina Nusantara, University of Krida Wacana, University of Tarumanegara, University of Trisakti and University of Esa Unggul are used to be the objects in this research. Those universities are the reputable universities with high number of students, and also followed by high number of employees also.

A questionnaire was designed and disseminated randomly to 160 staff among those six universities and multiple regression was used to generate the findings. The results shows that all those three variables; working ability, working conditions and motivation has positive and significant effect on employee performance.

Future study is still needed, regarding this issue. For further research, aspect individual attributes such as individual character can be included as part of variable working ability. Leadership aspect and financial aspect, also can be included on variable working conditions, since it is also an important factor that influence the employee’s performance. In the future studies, it can also be tested about the effect among each variable, not only the effect on job performance. And to enrich the results, it can also compare the situation between the private universities and public, or compare to another area.

Keywords: Motivation, Performace, Universities, Working Ability Working Condition

Suggested Citation

Aseanty, Deasy, Impact of Working Ability, Motivation and Working Condition to Employee's Performance; Case in Private Universities in West Jakarta (April 30, 2016). OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, Vol. 09, No. 04, pp. 35-42, 2016. Available at SSRN:

Deasy Aseanty (Contact Author)

Trisakti University ( email )

Jl. Kyai Tapa No.1, Grogol, RT.6/RW.16
Tomang, Grogol petamburan, Kota Jakarta Barat
Jakarta, Daerah Khusus Ibukota

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