The Cultural Diffusion of the Fertility Transition: Evidence from Internal Migration in 19th Century France

57 Pages Posted: 11 May 2016

See all articles by Guillaume Daudin

Guillaume Daudin

OFCE - Sciences Po

Raphael Franck

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics

Hillel Rapoport

Paris School of Economics (PSE)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 21, 2016

Abstract

France experienced the demographic transition before richer and more educated countries. This paper offers a novel explanation for this puzzle that emphasizes the diffusion of culture and information through internal migration. It tests how migration affected fertility by building a decennial bilateral migration matrix between French regions for 1861-1911. The identification strategy uses exogenous variation in transportation costs resulting from the construction of railways. The results suggest the convergence towards low birth rates can be explained by the diffusion of low-fertility norms by migrants, especially by migrants to and from Paris.

Keywords: fertility, France, demographic transition, migration

JEL Classification: J130, N330, O150

Suggested Citation

Daudin, Guillaume and Franck, Raphael and Rapoport, Hillel, The Cultural Diffusion of the Fertility Transition: Evidence from Internal Migration in 19th Century France (April 21, 2016). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 5866. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2778458

Guillaume Daudin

OFCE - Sciences Po ( email )

69 Quai d'Orsay
Paris, 75007
France

HOME PAGE: http://web.mac.com/gdaudin

Raphael Franck

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics ( email )

Mount Scopus
Jerusalem, 91905
Israel

Hillel Rapoport (Contact Author)

Paris School of Economics (PSE) ( email )

48 Boulevard Jourdan
Paris, 75014 75014
France

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
63
Abstract Views
497
rank
315,110
PlumX Metrics