Optimal Investment with Random Endowments and Transaction Costs: Duality Theory and Shadow Prices
36 Pages Posted: 15 May 2016
Date Written: April 25, 2016
This paper studies the utility maximization problem on the terminal wealth with both random endowments and proportional transaction costs. To deal with unbounded random payoffs from some illiquid claims, we propose to work with the acceptable portfolios defined via the consistent price system (CPS) such that the liquidation value processes stay above some stochastic thresholds. In the market consisting of one riskless bond and one risky asset, we obtain a type of the super-hedging result. Based on this characterization of the primal space, the existence and uniqueness of the optimal solution for the utility maximization problem are established using the convex duality analysis. As an important application of the duality theory, we provide some sufficient conditions for the existence of a shadow price process with random endowments in a generalized form as well as in the usual sense using acceptable portfolios.
Keywords: Proportional Transaction Costs, Unbounded Random Endowments, Acceptable Portfolios, Superhedging Theorem, Utility Maximization, Shadow Prices, Convex Duality
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