Who's Afraid of Women's Football? Gender Inequality and Football Success
27 Pages Posted: 21 May 2016
Date Written: May 19, 2016
In this paper, we study the applicability of success in women’s football as an indicator for female empowerment. Since football was for a long time a male-dominated sport, women’s success in this sport may be a suitable empowerment measure. As a proxy variable for success, we employ the world ranking of women football teams. Applying Dijkstra’s requirements for indices (parsimony, data availability, ease of calculation and interpretation, intertemporal and international comparability), we conclude that the women’s football teams world rankings may meet these requirements better than the established composite gender equality indices. Moreover, the latter indices are highly and significantly correlated with the sport success measure used here.
Keywords: Women's soccer, female national football teams, women's sport participation, gender roles, gender inequality, female empowerment
JEL Classification: B54, D63, J31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation