Who's Afraid of Women's Football? Gender Inequality and Football Success

27 Pages Posted: 21 May 2016

See all articles by Aloys Prinz

Aloys Prinz

University of Muenster - Department of Business Administration

Steffen Bollacke

University of Muenster - Institute for Public Economics

Bjorn Bunger

Independent

Martin Langen

University of Muenster - Institute for Public Economics

Maik Roesler

University of Muenster - Institute for Public Economics

Date Written: May 19, 2016

Abstract

In this paper, we study the applicability of success in women’s football as an indicator for female empowerment. Since football was for a long time a male-dominated sport, women’s success in this sport may be a suitable empowerment measure. As a proxy variable for success, we employ the world ranking of women football teams. Applying Dijkstra’s requirements for indices (parsimony, data availability, ease of calculation and interpretation, intertemporal and international comparability), we conclude that the women’s football teams world rankings may meet these requirements better than the established composite gender equality indices. Moreover, the latter indices are highly and significantly correlated with the sport success measure used here.

Keywords: Women's soccer, female national football teams, women's sport participation, gender roles, gender inequality, female empowerment

JEL Classification: B54, D63, J31

Suggested Citation

Prinz, Aloys and Bollacke, Steffen and Bunger, Bjorn and Langen, Martin and Roesler, Maik, Who's Afraid of Women's Football? Gender Inequality and Football Success (May 19, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2781089 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2781089

Aloys Prinz

University of Muenster - Department of Business Administration ( email )

Raum 3, EG
Steinfurterstrasse 111
D-48143 Muenster
Germany
+49-0 251-83-22821 (Phone)
+49- 0 251-83-22826 (Fax)

Steffen Bollacke

University of Muenster - Institute for Public Economics ( email )

Wilmergasse 6 – 8
Münster, 48143
Germany

Bjorn Bunger

Independent

No Address Available

Martin Langen

University of Muenster - Institute for Public Economics ( email )

Wilmergasse 6 – 8
Münster, 48143
Germany
+492518322822 (Phone)
+492518322821 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.wiwi.uni-muenster.de/iff2/organisation/langen.html

Maik Roesler (Contact Author)

University of Muenster - Institute for Public Economics ( email )

Wilmergasse 6 – 8
Münster, 48143
Germany

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