Gender and Off‐Farm Employment: Evidence from Rural China

19 Pages Posted: 18 May 2016

See all articles by Ziaobing Wang

Ziaobing Wang

Peking University

Linghui Han

Tsinghua University

Jikun Huang

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)

Linxiu Zhang

Chinese Academy of Sciences - Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy

Scott Rozelle

Stanford University - Freeman Spogli Institute of International Studies

Date Written: May–June 2016

Abstract

The goal of the present paper is to examine how the expansion of the economy from 2000 has affected rural off‐farm labor market participation. Specifically, we seek to determine whether off‐farm labor increased after 2000, what forms of employment are driving trends in off‐farm labor and whether gender differences can be observed in off‐farm employment trends. Using a nationally representative dataset that consist of two waves of surveys conducted in 2000 and 2008 in six provinces, this paper finds that off‐farm labor market participation continued to rise steadily in the early 2000s. However, there is a clear difference in the trends associated with occupational choice before and after 2000. In addition, we find that rural off‐farm employment trends are different for men and women. Our analysis also shows that the rise of wage‐earning employment corresponds with an increasing unskilled wage for both men and women.

Keywords: gender, rural China, self‐employment, wages

JEL Classification: J31, J43, N35, O40

Suggested Citation

Wang, Ziaobing and Han, Linghui and Huang, Jikun and Zhang, Linxiu and Rozelle, Scott, Gender and Off‐Farm Employment: Evidence from Rural China (May–June 2016). China & World Economy, Vol. 24, Issue 3, pp. 18-36, 2016, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2781273 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cwe.12156

Ziaobing Wang (Contact Author)

Peking University ( email )

No. 38 Xueyuan Road
Haidian District
Beijing, Beijing 100871
China

Linghui Han

Tsinghua University

Jikun Huang

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ( email )

Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy (CCAP)
No. Jia 11, Datun Road
Anwai, Beijing, 100101
China
+86 10 64889440 (Phone)
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HOME PAGE: http://www.ccap.org.cn/english/ccapstaff.asp?PID=1380

Linxiu Zhang

Chinese Academy of Sciences - Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy ( email )

Anwai, Beijing, 100101
China

Scott Rozelle

Stanford University - Freeman Spogli Institute of International Studies ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305
United States

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