L’Église catholique et l’Anatolie (The Catholic Church and Anatolia)

1 J. M.G. ROBERTSON GLOBAL CTR. FOR L. & PUB. POL’Y 127 (2015)

M.G. Robertson Global Centre for Law & Public Policy Research Paper No. 15-7

30 Pages Posted: 25 May 2016 Last revised: 9 Nov 2018

See all articles by Gregor Puppinck

Gregor Puppinck

European Centre for Law and Justice (ECLJ); M.G. Robertson Global Centre for Law & Policy

Christophe Foltzenlogel

European Center for Law and Justice (ECLJ); M.G. Robertson Global Centre for Law & Policy

Andreea Popescu

Independent

Date Written: May 18, 2016

Abstract

French Abstract: Les relations particulières entre l’Église catholique et l’Anatolie trouvent leur explication dans l’histoire commune et mouvementée de ces deux entités. Rome et Constantinople furent deux capitales de l’Empire romain, et si l’Église catholique a affermi son autorité depuis la tombe de Pierre, l’Anatolie s’est peu à peu éloignée de Rome. Les guerres, les querelles religieuses et les invasions ont engendré une relation difficile et instable. Des efforts ont néanmoins été réalisés pour rétablir une union plus étroite avec les confessions orthodoxes, mais aucune tentative n’a réussi de manière définitive à guérir les clivages. Les relations entre la Rome catholique et l’Anatolie, aujourd’hui la Turquie, ont eu et continuent d’avoir une importance internationale indéniable en raison de la position géographique et de la puissance de l’Anatolie. Cet état de relation a également entrainé de nombreuses souffrances pour les catholiques sur ces terres, ces derniers étant toujours soumis au pouvoir local, sans jamais pouvoir vraiment « faire appel au Pape ». Au-delà de la situation des chrétiens et des catholiques en Anatolie, les relations entre Rome et l’Anatolie déterminent aujourd’hui encore largement le rapport entre la Turquie et l’Europe. Le processus politique de réislamisation de la Turquie et son discours néo-ottoman actuels tend à redonner une importance fondamentale à la dimension religieuse de la relation entre la Turquie et l’Europe.

English Abstract: The special relationship between the Catholic Church and Anatolia can be explained by the common and turbulent history of these two entities. Rome and Constantinople were two capitals of the Roman Empire. Nonetheless, Anatolia has gradually moved away from Rome although the Catholic Church has strengthened its authority from the tomb of Peter. Wars, religious quarrels and invasions have created a difficult and unstable relationship. Efforts have however been made to re-establish a closer union with the Orthodox denominations, but no attempt has succeeded in completely healing the rifts. Relations between Catholic Rome and Anatolia, now Turkey, have had and continue to have an undeniable international importance because of the location and power of Anatolia. This state relationship has also led to much suffering for Catholics on this land, the latter still being subject to local power, without the possibility of a real "appeal to the Pope". Beyond the situation of Christians and Catholics in Anatolia, relations between Rome and Anatolia still determine, to a large extent, the relationship between Turkey and Europe. The political process of re-Islamization of Turkey and its current neo-Ottoman discourse tends to give fundamental importance to the religious dimension of the relationship between Turkey and Europe.

Note: Downloadable document is in French.

Keywords: Saint-Siège, Église, Empire ottoman, Turquie, diplomatie, liberté religieuse, minorités chrétiennes

Suggested Citation

Puppinck, Gregor and Foltzenlogel, Christophe and Popescu, Andreea, L’Église catholique et l’Anatolie (The Catholic Church and Anatolia) (May 18, 2016). 1 J. M.G. ROBERTSON GLOBAL CTR. FOR L. & PUB. POL’Y 127 (2015), M.G. Robertson Global Centre for Law & Public Policy Research Paper No. 15-7, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2781707

Gregor Puppinck (Contact Author)

European Centre for Law and Justice (ECLJ) ( email )

4,quai Koch
Strasbourg, 67000
France

M.G. Robertson Global Centre for Law & Policy

Belsyre Court, 57 Woodstock Road
Oxford 0X2 6HJ
United Kingdom

Christophe Foltzenlogel

European Center for Law and Justice (ECLJ) ( email )

4,quai Koch
Strasbourg, 67000
France

M.G. Robertson Global Centre for Law & Policy

Belsyre Court, 57 Woodstock Road
Oxford 0X2 6HJ
United Kingdom

Andreea Popescu

Independent

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