Better Urban Transport Improves Labour Market Outcomes: Evidence from a Subway Expansion in Chile

46 Pages Posted: 22 May 2016 Last revised: 1 Jun 2016

See all articles by Kenzo Asahi

Kenzo Asahi

Pontifical Catholic University of Chile

Date Written: May 20, 2016

Abstract

This paper identifies and quantifies the effects of better transport accessibility on labour market outcomes. A 24 km new subway line and the extension of two existing lines in Santiago (Chile) in the mid-2000s reduced the distance between the subway network and 29 (out of 35) municipalities in the urban area of the city’s Metropolitan Region. Estimates are derived using fixed effects models that account for endogeneity in the relation between employment outcomes and workers’ municipality of residence–subway network distance. Increased proximity to the subway network is associated with a higher employment rate and hours of work; this association is especially strong for women.

Keywords: proximity to subway network, public transport accessibility, transport innovations, labour market outcomes, employment rate, hours of work

JEL Classification: R42, H41, J01, J22, J61, O18

Suggested Citation

Asahi, Kenzo, Better Urban Transport Improves Labour Market Outcomes: Evidence from a Subway Expansion in Chile (May 20, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2781807 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2781807

Kenzo Asahi (Contact Author)

Pontifical Catholic University of Chile ( email )

Av. Vicuña Mackenna 4860
Macul
Santiago
Chile

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
143
Abstract Views
707
rank
209,577
PlumX Metrics