The Estimation of Ultrametric and Path Length Trees from Rectangular Proximity Data
PSYCHOMETRIKA--VOL. 49, NO. 3, 289-310
22 Pages Posted: 25 May 2016
Date Written: September 1984
A least-squares algorithm for fitting ultrametric and path length or additive trees to two-way, two-mode proximity data is presented. The algorithm utilizes a penalty function to enforce the ultrametric inequality generalized for asymmetric, and generally rectangular (rather than square) proximity matrices in estimating an ultrametric tree. This stage is used in an alternating leastsquares fashion with closed-form formulas for estimating path length constants for deriving path length trees. The algorithm is evaluated via two Monte Carlo studies. Examples of fitting ultrametric and path length trees are presented.
Keywords: Cluster Analysis, Trees
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