Risk-Averse Dynamic Arbitrage in Illiquid Markets

Journal of Risk, Forthcoming

24 Pages Posted: 31 May 2016 Last revised: 7 Feb 2017

See all articles by Somayeh Moazeni

Somayeh Moazeni

Stevens Institute of Technology - School of Business

Ricardo Collado

Stevens Institute of Technology

Andy Zhang

Stevens Institute of Technology

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: January 12, 2017

Abstract

Arguments on the existence of dynamic arbitrage and price manipulation strategies are often invoked to guide modeling price impacts of large trades. We revisit the concept of dynamic arbitrage in illiquid markets in the presence of time-varying stochastic price impact functions and a broad class of market price dynamics. We first establish a sufficient condition under which searching in the space of $\mathcal F_{0}$-measurable admissible round-trip trades is enough to attain a no-dynamic arbitrage certificate. This result simplifies identifying price impact structures that rule out dynamic arbitrage and supports the analysis in some existing literature, where its assessment is limited to the search in the set of $\mathcal F_{0}$-measurable round-trip trades. For time-varying stochastic linear price impact functions, we show that this condition is necessary and sufficient for the absence of dynamic arbitrage. The present quantitative analysis implies that a trader's opinion on the existence of dynamic arbitrage opportunities for a price impact model depends on his belief about expected future price changes and expected future price impacts, which can be revised over time by the collection of new information. This motivates us to let the existence of such arbitrage opportunities depend not only on the trader's belief about expected price movements but also on his risk attitude. We thus introduce the concept of risk-averse dynamic arbitrage using a general time-consistent dynamic risk measure and a risk-aversion threshold level. Similar sufficient conditions are studied under which searching in the space of static round-trip trades enables us to conclude on no-risk-averse dynamic arbitrage.

Keywords: price impact, dynamic arbitrage, dynamic risk measure, stochastic dynamic optimization

JEL Classification: C44, C6

Suggested Citation

Moazeni, Somayeh and Collado, Ricardo and Zhang, Andy, Risk-Averse Dynamic Arbitrage in Illiquid Markets (January 12, 2017). Journal of Risk, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2786841 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2786841

Somayeh Moazeni (Contact Author)

Stevens Institute of Technology - School of Business ( email )

Hoboken, NJ 07030
United States

Ricardo Collado

Stevens Institute of Technology ( email )

Hoboken, NJ 07030
United States

Andy Zhang

Stevens Institute of Technology ( email )

Hoboken, NJ 07030
United States

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