Shadow Banking and the Property Market in China
Lai, Rose Neng, and Robert Van Order (2019). Shadow Banking and the Property Market in China, International Real Estate Review, 22(3), 361-399.
44 Pages Posted: 2 Jun 2016 Last revised: 9 Feb 2021
Date Written: June 1, 2019
This paper studies the evolution of property values and the connections between shadow banking and property markets in China. We use Pooled Mean Group estimation to analyze Chinese house prices in 65 cities from 2007-2016, defining the “fundamentals” of housing prices with the Gordon dividend discount model, and using lagged rents, prices, real, nominal interest rates, and shadow banking activity as short term explanatory factors. We find that the cities tend to share long run fundamentals and adjust relatively quickly to deviations from the fundamentals. We do not find bubbles; rather houses are like growth stocks with prices chasing rapidly growing rents. More importantly, we find that house prices grow more rapidly with availability of shadow banking funds, which have grown rapidly.
Keywords: Chinese housing market, shadow banking, pooled mean group estimation
JEL Classification: R31,E59
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