Climate-Induced Migration and Interdependent Vulnerabilities Between Bangladesh and India

Environment, Migration and Adaptation Evidence and Politics of Climate Change in Bangladesh, 2015

22 Pages Posted: 2 Jun 2016

See all articles by Architesh Panda

Architesh Panda

London School of Economics and Political Science

Date Written: Jan 20, 2015

Abstract

The states of north-eastern India have seen some of the worst conflicts in the recent years. Various factors such as land distribution, religion, ethnicity and large scale migration from Bangladesh have been analyzed as reasons for increasing social vulnerability of these states. In most cases, vulnerability to climate change, related migration has often been analyzed from a place based perspective. However, with ecological interdependence and increasing impacts of climate change, the concept of ‘interdependent vulnerability’ can enhance our understanding of the vulnerability arising out of interdependent natural, social and economic systems. This depends on recognizing that, due to the transboundary nature of global environmental change the capacity of states to effectively deal with the problems, without the cooperation of other states is decreasing. This framework looks into the question of migration through interdependent factors and associated vulnerabilities. This paper discusses the links between migration and vulnerability in both regions. Further, I analyze the implications of these insights for the notion of interdependent vulnerability and importance for climate-induced migration, concluding there is a need to address the drivers of vulnerability and needed policies to reduce vulnerability of people.

Keywords: Climate change, interdependent vulnerability, migration, India, Bangladesh

Suggested Citation

Panda, Architesh, Climate-Induced Migration and Interdependent Vulnerabilities Between Bangladesh and India (Jan 20, 2015). Environment, Migration and Adaptation Evidence and Politics of Climate Change in Bangladesh, 2015. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2788420

Architesh Panda (Contact Author)

London School of Economics and Political Science ( email )

UK
UK
United Kingdom

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