Choosing from the Menu of Manipulation Explaining Incumbents’ Choices of Electoral Manipulation Tactics

46 Pages Posted: 3 Jun 2016

See all articles by Carolien Van Ham

Carolien Van Ham

University of New South Wales (UNSW)

Staffan I. Lindberg

Göteborg University - Varieties of Democracy Institute; Göteborg University - Department of Political Science

Date Written: June 2016

Abstract

How do political actors choose between different tactics of electoral manipulation, and how does the context in which elections take place shape those decisions? In this paper we argue that choices for specific manipulative tactics are driven by available resource and cost considerations, as well as evaluations of the effectiveness of various tactics. We further argue that cost considerations are importantly shaped by the context in which elections take place, most notably by the level of democratization. We test our hypotheses on a complete time- series-cross-section data set for 1506 elections in 160 electoral regimes around the world from 1974 to 2012. We find that democratization initially leads to increases in vote buying as “cheap” forms of electoral manipulation available to incumbents such as intimidation and manipulating electoral administration become less viable.

Suggested Citation

Van Ham, Carolien and Lindberg, Staffan I., Choosing from the Menu of Manipulation Explaining Incumbents’ Choices of Electoral Manipulation Tactics (June 2016). V-Dem Working Paper 2016:30. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2788475 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2788475

Carolien Van Ham (Contact Author)

University of New South Wales (UNSW) ( email )

Kensington
High St
Sydney, NSW 2052
Australia

Staffan I. Lindberg

Göteborg University - Varieties of Democracy Institute ( email )

Sprängkullsgatan 19
Gothenburg, Gothenburg 405 30
Sweden

HOME PAGE: http://www.pol.gu.se/varianter-pa-demokrati--v-dem-/

Göteborg University - Department of Political Science ( email )

Box 711
Gothenburg, S-405 30
Sweden

HOME PAGE: http://www.pol.gu.se

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